Assisted Reproductive Technology And Family Formation Law

Axilon Attorney Susan Ridgeway is regarded as highly competent in family formation law, and especially arrangements involving assisted reproductive technology. She has drafted agreements and obtained numerous pre-birth and post-birth orders for heterosexual couples, same-sex male and female couples, or single parents who used donated ova, sperm, or embryos or received assistance from a gestational surrogate.  Susan’s clients include gestational surrogates, traditional surrogates, intended parents, donors, and adoptive parents.  She has worked with parties residing in Montana, in other states, and in other countries, including France, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Norway, Israel, China, and Australia.  Her experience includes the following:

  • Surrogacy Agreements (gestational and traditional)
  • Egg Donation Agreements
  • Sperm Donation Agreements
  • Embryo Donation Agreements
  • Pre-Birth Parentage Orders for Non-genetic Intended Parents
  • Post-Birth Parentage Orders for Non-genetic Intended Parents
  • Birth Certificate Issues
  • Multi-Jurisdictional and International Coordination
  • Expeditiously Obtaining Certifications and Apostilles
  • Protecting legal status of donors and surrogates as nonparents
  • Domesticating foreign orders
  • Registering foreign adoptions
  • Adoptions by same-sex parents
  • Private adoption in compliance with the interstate compact on placement of children (ICPC)
  • Protecting parent-child relationships under the de facto parent statute

Surrogacy is permitted in Montana because no statute or published case law prohibits it. For general information about surrogacy laws throughout the United States and abroad see: The information may be outdated and is not a substitute for legal advice from competent legal counsel.